What Was A Gentleman`s Agreement
Kathy meets Dave and tells him how sick she felt when a guest told a bigoted joke. But she has no answer when Dave repeatedly asks her what she has done about it. She realizes that silence tolerates prejudice. The end result may, in many cases, be higher cost or lower quality products for consumers. Worse, a gentlemen`s agreement can be used as a means of promoting discriminatory practices, as in a „network of old boys.“ Gentlemen`s agreements can also be found in trade agreements and international relations. One example is the 1907 Gentlemen`s Agreement, in which the United States and the Japanese Empire addressed immigration from Japan and the mistreatment of Japanese immigrants to the United States. The agreement, which was never ratified by Congress, saw Japan stop issuing passports to people who wanted to immigrate to America to work. The United States, on the other hand, would no longer allow discrimination and segregation of Japanese citizens residing in America. Until Jackie Robinson was hired by the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1946, a gentlemen`s agreement ensured that African-American players were excluded from organized baseball.  This, in some cases, led to gentlemen`s agreements in which Wall Street financiers, such as J.P.
Morgan and his „House of Morgan“, would meet with the bureau to obtain prior authorization for mergers and acquisitions. One such example was the gentlemen`s agreement in which regulators and the president ignored the Sherman Antitrust Act, which allowed united States Steel Corp. to become the world`s first multi-billion-dollar company. A gentlemen`s agreement, or gentleman`s agreement, is an informal and legally non-binding agreement between two or more parties. It is usually oral, but it can be written or simply understood as part of a tacit agreement by convention or by mutually beneficial label. The essence of a gentlemen`s agreement is that it depends on the honour of the parties for its achievement, rather than being enforceable in one way or another. It differs from a legal agreement or a contract. Although Kathy seems to have liberal views when he reveals what he intends to do, she is surprised and asks if he is really Jewish. The burden of her relationship with Kathy`s subtle tolerance for bigotry becomes a central topic in the film. In English contract law, for it to be binding, an agreement must have the intention of establishing legal relations; but in commercial transactions (i.e. agreements that do not exist between family members or friends), there is a legal presumption of „intent to establish legal relations“. In the 1925 case of Rose and Frank Co.
v. JR Crompton – Bros Ltd., however, the House of Lords found that the phrase “ „This regulation is not … a formal or legal agreement … is only a record of the parties` intention „was sufficient to rebut this presumption.  Despite its informal nature, the breach of a gentlemen`s agreement could have negative effects on trade relations if a party decides not to keep its promise. A gentlemen`s agreement can also be described as a „gentleman`s agreement“ and can be completed by a handshake or not. In 1890, the U.S. government imposed a ban on gentlemen`s agreements in trade and trade relations between nations.
A gentlemen`s agreement is an informal agreement or transaction, often unwritten, which is supported only by the integrity of the other party to effectively comply with its terms. Such an agreement is generally informal, oral and not legally binding.